Team Luke Blackburn

Team Leader: Ms. Sarah. 

Team Members: Benedict, Isabelle, Sierra, Wilson, Emily, Aunika 

Email: sarah.holmes@bellemeadeplantation.com 

                       

 

Remember to check out Upcoming Dates for information on upcoming workshops, socials, and special events. Make sure that you are getting your hours in every month and are working on a Smart Project! 

 

My email is: sarah.holmes@bellemeadeplantation.com 

 

 

            

                                           

              Heroes of History

 

Squanto

 

Image result for squanto        Squanto was the last of the Patuxet Native Americans. He lived on Cape Cod Bay and acted as a link between Native Americans and the pilgrims on the Mayflower. He was a translator, guide, and adviser to the pilgrims after a particularly harsh winter decimated many of the pilgrims.

 

        In 1614, Squanto, a Patuxet Native American from Cape Cod Bay, was kidnapped by English explorers. The English sailed to Spain to sell the Native Americans into slavery. Historians do not know how Squanto escaped this fate, but he managed to go to England and lived with a merchant who wanted to exploit and settle Newfoundland. Eventually, Squanto was sent there. In Newfoundland, he met Thomas Mercer, who was acting for London merchants involved in settling New England.

 

        In 1619, five years after his kidnapping, Squanto finally returned home only to find his village destroyed by an epidemic. By this point in time, ninety percent of the Native American population had fallen victim to diseases contracted by European explorers and settlers. The biggest of these diseases was small pox, which the Native American had no immunity to.

 

        Squanto went to live with the Pokanoket Native Americans and disappeared from the historical record until 1621, when he met the settlers from the Mayflower. Squanto is most famous for helping the settlers learn to adapt to life in the New World. He taught them how to fertilize the soil and introduced them to the lucrative fur trade.

 

        Unfortunately, relations between the Native Americans and Mayflower settlers deteriorated. Squanto died of a disease in 1622. William Bradford, governor of the settlers, described his death as “a great loss.”

 

Thanksgiving History

  1. Which U.S. President made Thanksgiving a national holiday?

 

  1. Which U.S. President changed Thanksgiving from the last Thursday in November to the fourth in November? Why?

 

       3. In three or more sentences, explain how the real Thanksgiving was different from the mythological version we are often told as children. 

 

 

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